Science, Art, Litt, Science based Art & Science Communication
I applied more stimuli from Binoccular rivalry, Colour fusion , Stereoscopy,
making its synergistic action in examples of fine art compositions, stimuli that I called bi-optical
I make additions to what I wrote about their application in sculpture (see link)
Applying in fine art my knowledge of optics, I insist in
compositions that activate dominant sensations
These techniques would be of interest to artists and researchers in science.
I agreed assumption that the skill the awareness binocular rivalry test result from
activation of phylogenesis
For references I posted the following keywords, resulting sites:
binocular rivalry philogenetic
Extract certifying results in scientific activities:
We used binocular rivalry to present stimuli without conscious awareness, thereby eliminating the IT object representation and isolating subcortical visual input to the amygdala. Functional magnetic resonance imaging revealed significant brain activation in the left amygdala but not in object-selective IT in response to unperceived fearful faces
compared to unperceived nonface objects. These findings
In aceasta cercetare
s-au folosit testele penru studii de binocular rivalry, ale lui R. Blake :
Fig. 1 ; Test: R.Blake
Look crossed eyes
Appears alternately portrait or mosaic at intervals of ~ 5 seconds.
At this time, without intervention, produces a mixture of the two images.
binocular rivalry phylogenetic perspective
I communicate a new type of object intended to be considered
as part of the class fine art compositions,
artistic object that could be called Bi-optical Sculpture
In what follows I fill explanations about bi-optical sculpture, describing
results of recent experiments.
Elements, the composition forms (sculpture), are such that when viewed by
bi-optic device occurs the feeling that the depth increases tens of times,
associated with binocular rivalry effects and color fusion.
I agree that believes that any new way that induces
dominance of visual communications sensation must experienced in perspective
of taking over in science and art movements.
Bi-optical Sculpture is a conventional composition with changes resulting from the application
stimuli that are applied in the fields, binocula rivalry, color fusion, stereoscopy,resulting the composition
shown in figure 2, in simplified form.
Fig 2 Sketch for Sculpture bi-optical
sd; Ss; spaces that will sit forms with bi-optical effects
Tc-Tc; two forms placed in the same vertical plane
Td-Td; two forms placed in the same vertical plane,
at, distance in depth relative to the vertical plane
they are placed Tc, Tc.
C-C, D-D; conical space for conventional sculptural forms, with the base
Td-Td; Tc -Tc
H-H: support for settlement sculptural forms
L-R; eyes of the observer (subject receiver)
B; bi-optical device (monocular stereoscope!)
Using bi-optical device, are induced in composition, depth virtual dozens of times greater
than the real distance between planes Tc and Td-Td-Tc
Forme pentru sculpturi bi-optice
Scheme executed at the scale for positioning sculptural forms
in the composition of space
Projections on horizontal planes
1- the observation on the right; 2- observation on the left; result
sub-spaces: 4 C-C; D-D (figure 2)
when it can sculpt shapes developed without restrictions;
to decrease the length M (space observatory) grow all sub-spaces denoted by 4;
when looking through bi-optical device, the real depth of N,
appears transposed in virtually with the depth of tens of times higher.
Option for displaying in exhibitions; 1- sculpture;
2- screen, which has the window indicated at 3, to produce contrast in observing by bi-optical device,
window in which it is possible to intoduce a glass filter (stained glass), depending on
artistic concept; 4 - socket
The distance D is increased according to increasing distance N, thus the pair components
be observed with the same angle.
From space M (Figure 6) with the naked eye observer sees flat bases, Tc-Tc; Td-Td,
with paintings, and through bi-optical device will notice the increase of ~ tens of times
depth, in, the virtual space
The settlement on horizontal the fields to see with eyes crossed bi-optical effects:
binocular rivalry, color fusion, stereoscopy
Observation distance 50… 100 cm,
This composition represents variations on the theme Hirst's spots
1 panel; 2, 3 - sculptural components, 4, 5 supports
We know about "variations on a theme" in music. Variations are introduced in a certain theme in point of melody (to a certain extent), rhythm, relative values of the notes, harmony. Some composers are known to revive the works of other musicians, as a homage. It is also known that composers use to introduce cadences of their own in the concertos created by others.
The bi-optical art permits to introduce similar modalities, as I shall show in the following lines. Many compositions of the modern plastic art succeed in conveying only a little of the artist's sensitivity. They have a high entropic degree. Art critics try to cover the distance between the artist and the recipient subject. I provide the opportunity to introduce in well-known compositions a different type of wordless comments, with the help of bioptical means. They may complement known types of visual psychotherapy with beneficial effects.
I have described constructive details relative to optical composition, in:
I adds completions regarding some geometrical characteristics
of bi-optical sculpture.
In bi-optical painting (figure 1), double forms are placed
vertically at the same distance H,
(between centers K; ~ of gravity) so that they are seen with the same angle α.
In bi-optic sculpture, shown in figure 7, increasing the depth virtual
is done by introducing in sculpture conventional the
bases, Tc-Tc; Td-Td.
In bi-optical culpture distance varies depending on the distance N,
so that from C (the place the observer), the angle of observation, shapes,
Tc-Tc to be equal to the angle of observation shapes of Td-Td, resulting distance D.
The angles are equal when the two chords, formed in the circular arc α2, are equal
Differences are tolerated at angles up to 0.25 deg
Applying the method of Figure 14 can compose complex sculptural forms,
eg pyramid trunks and cones trunks B, and
cones, tending to form spiral.
I deduced this form but I have not experienced this; I do not have
appropriate technical knowledge.
Course can be designed computer programs, and possibly mechanical processing on automatic
cars with program.
I believe that these methods are helpful, but it is recommended that artist
sculpt using traditional techniques, step by step, so that he felt every moment
as is confirmed by its artistic sensibility
1 the plate the base
2 lever by turning, getting vertical movement of the right eye image
3 fixed mirror
4 mirror fixed to the lever 2; 3 + 4 forms a vertical periscope
5 adjuster screw
6 button to lock lever 2
7 diaphragm; piece that contains a form to support the forehead.
Verlapping, real image with virtual image obtained 3 + 4 mirrors, rotating lever 2, which has an axis of rotation YY, perpendicular to the plate the base 1 being that the screw axis 9.
When observing a disorder, to the overlap images the rotation screw 5
around the axis XX, which is in the plane motherboard 1,
ensure appropriate control
The two axes ensure the correct overlay images.
ensure appropriate control.
The two axes ensure the correct overlay images.
In over 50 years of study I created several variants of devices for the contemplation of bi-optical images.
This is the latest design.
The device was executed in several copies of my friend Petrica Damian
with bricolage tools.
I will distribute free to people who want to apply bi-optical techniques.
If there are numerous requests, for obtaining such devices, I have to recommend a professional workshop.