Science, Art, Litt, Science based Art & Science Communication

Q: I recently watched a video where an artist drew a picture of Lord Shiva underwater. It looks as though he did it in one go. Is this really possible? ( Video link attached: )


This is the video -

I think he didn't do it in one go. We don't even know how deep the stone on which he drew this picture was. 

Ordinary human beings cannot hold their breath for so long. You need to train specifically for this purpose.

According to Guinness Books of World Records, Budimir Šobat (Croatia) holds the record for this act now.

On 27 March 2021, he broke the record for the longest time breath held voluntarily (male) with a staggering time of 24 minutes 37.36 seconds.

It took more than a few weeks for him to perfect his breathing technique and train for this record. When Budimir was actually attempting the record, he was focused on one thing - his heartbeat. While he was doing his maximum static apnea ( or STA is a discipline in which a person holds their breath (apnea) underwater for as long as possible, and need not swim any distance  ), he has his eyes closed and all he was focused on was  to try to hear his heartbeat. Once he heard it he became calm and ready to fight the time. 

Before the attempt, Budimir hyperventilated with pure oxygen - the guidelines for this record allow this for up to 30 minutes before the attempt starts.

The freediving dynamic apnea (dynamic apnea is holding your breath while swimming ) with fins record by a male diver was 300 m (984 ft 3 in) achieved by both Mateusz Malina (Poland) and Giorgos Panagiotakis (Greece) in Turku, Finland, on 3 July 2016. )

The person who drew this picture of Shiva 's not static, he 's working, therefore he cannot hold his breath for so long. 

How much time he took to draw that picture, how deep 's the rock on which he drew it in the water, how much work he is doing - all these things count. 

The water looks clear, so he didn't go very deep. He did this work in shallow water.

Moreover, this person didn't use any eye cover to protect his eyes. The problem is you cannot see clearly in water. Humans were not intended to live and function under water the way many other marine mammals are.  Thus, the human eye is not designed to work properly in water.  Have you ever tried opening your eyes underwater?  What happens?  It’s blurry and difficult to see.  We simply cannot see properly while underwater without some type of protection.  This is where goggles come in to help protect our eyes from being in contact with water and allow us to see properly while in the water.  He can’t see perfectly, but he can see well enough to get around and draw the picture.

That makes things difficult and takes a long time to draw pictures in water than outside. 

 It is important to remind you that any body of water you may swim in is not clean and free from potentially damaging your eyes. Outside of swimming pools, people think about all of the things that  are present in a water body - leaves, bugs, dust, debris, sweat, some chemicals,  hair, and even urine and fecal matter.  You have chemicals in contact with your eyes or, if the water body is not clean and the pH levels are too high, the water is not being properly disinfected and all of those things floating in the water can come into contact with your eyes. That is why you use goggles specifically designed to protect your eyes under water. If you don't use them, if you go into water bodies without protecting your eyes from the water can result in redness and irritation. The reason redness and irritation occurs is due to the pH levels.  Extended eye opening underwater can cause damage. The eye becomes red, irritated. You might become photophobic, or sensitive to light. Your vision might blur a little bit, and your eyes are going to feel irritated or even, frankly, painful.

All these things cause more difficulty and it takes more time to do any work underwater.

If you train yourself before doing any work under water, that makes things relatively easy. 

 Had he finished drawing that picture within 3-5 minutes, he would have finished it in one go. But this person did it slowly, not hurriedly. He took his own sweet time as if he 's doing on the land.

Therefore, I think he did this work in instalments, going up to breathe  fresh air frequently and giving time for his eyes to relax. 

But of course, they don't show all that in the video, do they?

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