Science, Art, Litt, Science based Art & Science Communication


Science Simplified!

                       JAI VIGNAN

All about Science - to remove misconceptions and encourage scientific temper

Communicating science to the common people

'To make  them see the world differently through the beautiful lense of  science'

Members: 17
Latest Activity: 22 hours ago


     THIS  IS A WAR ZONE WHERE SCIENCE FIGHTS WITH NONSENSE AND WINS                                               

“The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.”             

                    "Being a scientist is a state of mind, not a profession!"

"Knowledge is a Superpower but the irony is you cannot get enough of it with ever increasing data base unless you try to keep up with it constantly and in the right way!" The best education comes from learning from people who know what they are exactly talking about.

Science is this glorious adventure into the unknown, the opportunity to discover things that nobody knew before. And that’s just an experience that’s not to be missed. But it’s also a motivated effort to try to help humankind. And maybe that’s just by increasing human knowledge—because that’s a way to make us a nobler species.

If you are scientifically literate the world looks very different to you.

We do science and science communication not because they are easy but because they are difficult!

There are about 452 articles posted here. Links to some important articles :

1. Interactive science series...

a. how-to-do-research-and-write-research-papers-part 13

b. Some Qs peopel asked me on science and my replies to them...

Part 6part-10part-11part-12, part 14  ,  part- 8

part- 1part-2part-4part-5part-16part-17part-18 , part-19 , part-20

part-21 , part-22part-23part-24part-25part-26part-27 , part-28



Part 48 part49Critical thinking -part 50 , part -51part-52part-53


part 64, part-65part-66part-67part-68part 69part-70 part-71part-73 ...


BP variations during pregnancy part-72

who is responsible for the gender of  thier children - a man or a woman -part-56

c. some-questions-people-asked-me-on-science-based-on-my-art-and-poems -part-7

d. science-s-rules-are-unyielding-they-will-not-be-bent-for-anybody-part-3-

e. debate-between-scientists-and-people-who-practice-and-propagate-pseudo-science - part -9

f. why astrology is pseudo-science part 15

g. How Science is demolishing patriarchal ideas - part-39

2. in-defence-of-mangalyaan-why-even-developing-countries-like-india need space research programmes

3. Science communication series:

a. science-communication - part 1

b. how-scienitsts-should-communicate-with-laymen - part 2

c. main-challenges-of-science-communication-and-how-to-overcome-them - part 3

d. the-importance-of-science-communication-through-art- part 4

e. why-science-communication-is-geting worse - part  5

f. why-science-journalism-is-not-taken-seriously-in-this-part-of-the-world - part 6

g. blogs-the-best-bet-to-communicate-science-by-scientists- part 7

h. why-it-is-difficult-for-scientists-to-debate-controversial-issues - part 8

i. science-writers-and-communicators-where-are-you - part 9

j. shooting-the-messengers-for-a-different-reason-for-conveying-the- part 10

k. why-is-science-journalism-different-from-other-forms-of-journalism - part 11

l.  golden-rules-of-science-communication- Part 12

m. science-writers-should-develop-a-broader-view-to-put-things-in-th - part 13

n. an-informed-patient-is-the-most-cooperative-one -part 14

o. the-risks-scientists-will-have-to-face-while-communicating-science - part 15

p. the-most-difficult-part-of-science-communication - part 16

q. clarity-on-who-you-are-writing-for-is-important-before-sitting-to write a science story - part 17

r. science-communicators-get-thick-skinned-to-communicate-science-without-any-bias - part 18

s. is-post-truth-another-name-for-science-communication-failure?

t. why-is-it-difficult-for-scientists-to-have-high-eqs

u. art-and-literature-as-effective-aids-in-science-communication-and teaching

v.some-qs-people-asked-me-on-science communication-and-my-replies-to-them

w. why-motivated-perception-influences-your-understanding-of-science

4. Health related topics:

a. why-antibiotic-resistance-is-increasing-and-how-scientists-are-tr

b. what-might-happen-when-you-take-lots-of-medicines

c. know-your-cesarean-facts-ladies

d. right-facts-about-menstruation

e. answer-to-the-question-why-on-big-c

f. how-scientists-are-identifying-new-preventive-measures-and-cures-

g. what-if-little-creatures-high-jack-your-brain-and-try-to-control-

h. who-knows-better?

i. mycotoxicoses

j. immunotherapy

k. can-rust-from-old-drinking-water-pipes-cause-health-problems

l. pvc-and-cpvc-pipes-should-not-be-used-for-drinking-water-supply

m. melioidosis


o. desensitization-and-transplant-success-story

p. do-you-think-the-medicines-you-are-taking-are-perfectly-alright-then revisit your position!

q. swine-flu-the-difficlulties-we-still-face-while-tackling-the-outb

r. dump-this-useless-information-into-a-garbage-bin-if-you-really-care about evidence based medicine

s. don-t-ignore-these-head-injuries

t. the-detoxification-scam

u. allergic- agony-caused-by-caterpillars-and-moths

General science: 


b. don-t-knock-down-your-own-life-line

c. the-most-menacing-animal-in-the-world

d. how-exo-planets-are-detected

e. the-importance-of-earth-s-magnetic-field

f. saving-tigers-from-extinction-is-still-a-travail

g. the-importance-of-snakes-in-our-eco-systems

h. understanding-reverse-osmosis

i. the-importance-of-microbiomes

j. crispr-cas9-gene-editing-technique-a-boon-to-fixing-defective-gen

k. biomimicry-a-solution-to-some-of-our-problems

5. the-dilemmas-scientists-face

6. why-we-get-contradictory-reports-in-science

7. be-alert-pseudo-science-and-anti-science-are-on-prowl

8. science-will-answer-your-questions-and-solve-your-problems

9. how-science-debunks-baseless-beliefs

10. climate-science-and-its-relevance

11. the-road-to-a-healthy-life

12. relative-truth-about-gm-crops-and-foods

13. intuition-based-work-is-bad-science

14. how-science-explains-near-death-experiences

15. just-studies-are-different-from-thorough-scientific-research

16. lab-scientists-versus-internet-scientists

17. can-you-challenge-science?

18. the-myth-of-ritual-working

20. comets-are-not-harmful-or-bad-omens-so-enjoy-the-clestial-shows

21. explanation-of-mysterious-lights-during-earthquakes

22. science-can-tell-what-constitutes-the-beauty-of-a-rose

23. what-lessons-can-science-learn-from-tragedies-like-these

24. the-specific-traits-of-a-scientific-mind

25. science-and-the-paranormal

26. are-these-inventions-and-discoveries-really-accidental-and-intuitive like the journalists say?

27. how-the-brain-of-a-polymath-copes-with-all-the-things-it-does

28. how-to-make-scientific-research-in-india-a-success-story

29. getting-rid-of-plastic-the-natural-way

30. why-some-interesting-things-happen-in-nature

31. real-life-stories-that-proves-how-science-helps-you

32. Science and trust series:

a. how-to-trust-science-stories-a-guide-for-common-man

b. trust-in-science-what-makes-people-waver

c. standing-up-for-science-showing-reasons-why-science-should-be-trusted

You will find the entire list of discussions here:

( Please go through the comments section below to find reports/research results relating to science reported on a daily basis and watch videos based on science)

Get interactive...

Please contact us if you want us to add any information or scientific explanation on any topic that interests you. We will try our level best to give you the right information.

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Discussion Forum

Mushrooms accumulate harmful heavy metals from soil

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Friday. 1 Reply

We eat edible mushrooms. Fine. Mushrooms are  low in calories and fat and cholesterol-free, mushrooms contain a modest amount of fiber and over a dozen minerals and vitamins, including copper,…Continue

Questions people asked me on science and my replies to them - part 165

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Friday. 1 Reply

Q: How can age old cultural,  traditional and religious practices be harmful? They are based on experience and the resultant knowledge!Krishna: Is that so?! A few real stories have been told by…Continue

Causes for dry eyes and remedies for the condition

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Thursday. 1 Reply

Not only sitting before computers for a long time, even smoke and pollution can cause  watery, burning, irritated or red eyes, and most importantly dry eyes.Dry eye is a common condition that happens…Continue

You can leave water out without attracting mosquitoes if you take a few precautions

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday. 1 Reply

We all know that mosquitoes need water to live and propagate. Health authorities generally warn against collecting and storing water in backyards as one measure to protect against mosquito bites and…Continue

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Science Simplified! to add comments!

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Saturday

Lead aprons role in shielding from X-rays is being questioned. Why out why ...

Lead shields are difficult to position accurately, so they often miss the target area they are supposed to protect. Even when in the right place, they can inadvertently obscure areas of the body a doctor needs to see—the location of a swallowed object, say—resulting in a need to repeat the imaging process, according to the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, which represents physicists who work in hospitals.

Shields can also cause automatic exposure controls on an X-ray machine to increase radiation to all parts of the body being examined in an effort to "see through" the lead.

Moreover, shielding doesn't protect against the greatest radiation effect: "scatter," which occurs when radiation ricochets inside the body, including under the shield, and eventually deposits its energy in tissues.


“Birdbrain” Turns From Insult To Praise  

Some avian species use tools and can recognize themselves in the mirror. How do tiny brains pull off such big feats?

  • Corvids, parrots and other bird groups demonstrate complex cognition, including causal reasoning, mental flexibility, planning, social cognition and imagination.
  • These cognitive abilities were a surprise to many scientists. They were not expected to be found in birds because of their small brains and the absence of a cerebral cortex.
  • Birds compensate for their small brains with a much higher density of neurons. Independently, both birds and mammals have evolved similar neural networks and brain areas that serve cognitive functions.

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Friday

Sci-com :

A good poster usually follows this format:

  • A good poster must be structured with an entry point, visual balancer, and lots of empty space.
  • A title should have text which is  > 90pt and be placed at the top of the poster
  • The best posters have around three hundred and fifty words, and the maximum should be six hundred words

  • The poster should have fifty five characters per line, for fast reading

  • It should follow the area ratio of twenty percent text, thirty five percent visuals, and forty five percent empty space

  • Dare to be creative.

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Friday

Physicists design 'super-human' red blood cells to deliver drugs to specific targets within the body


How decisions unfold in a zebrafish brain Scientists Frame-by-frame view of a decision in the making was so detailed that 10 seconds before the fish responded, the researchers could predict what their next move will be and when they would execute it!

Decision-making process becomes visible in the brain


Researchers demonstrate how the brain assesses and predicts physiological states of the body


A recent discovery shows that our dance style is almost always the same, regardless of the type of music, and a computer can identify the dancer with astounding accuracy.  Idea for dance-recognition software?


Researchers are aiming to stump counterfeiters with an edible "security tag" embedded into medicine to protect drugs from counterfeit

Interesting story on how evolution of acoustic communication occurred ...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Thursday

How about buildings healing their own cracks, sucking up dangerous toxins from the air or even glowing on command? Researchers are toying with these ideas to make such building materials with the help of live bacteria!


What is soil photosynthesis? And how can it reduce environmental pollution? Find out ...


Gravitational lensing is helping in learning more about the properties of dark matter.


We know what CRISPR is. But what are anti-CRISPER proteins? How can they make gene editing safer? Find out ...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday

Metabolic syndrome is a collection of conditions that happen together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.

Metabolic syndrome predicts not only the risk of developing diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease, but also that of many degenerative diseases in later life.

Although both cross‐sectional and longitudinal studies have implicated abdominal obesity as the central feature of this complex condition, the pathogenesis of MetS is very complex in terms of the underlying mechanism, the sequence of development, and the interactions among individual components and with other metabolic disorders.

It is generally accepted that central obesity is a core component of metabolic syndrome (MetS). On the other hand, hyperuricemia, the predecessor of gout, has been found to cluster with multiple components of MetS. But it is unclear whether hyperuricemia is a downstream result of central obesity/MetS or may play an upstream role in MetS development.

Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) has been associated with increased blood pressure, body mass index and triglyceride, and reduced HDL-C. Hyperuricemia also predicts the development of MetS, insulin resistance, hypertension and diabetes.

Nonetheless, so far, hyperuricemia has not been included as a component of the syndrome MetS. A comprehensive map of such a complex syndrome will help to create strategies for prevention and management.

 uric acid increment may augment the risk of MetS through increasing blood pressure and triglyceride levels and lowering HDL-C values, but not through accumulating fat or hyperglycemia. High waist circumference may be a causal agent for all the components of MetS, including hyperuricemia. Moreover, our previous MR study results support the idea that hyperuricemia may play a causal role in cardiovascular disease development.

In other words, our study shows that genetic predisposition to higher levels of uric acid is causally associated with blood pressure elevation and dyslipidemia components of MetS, but not obesity/diabetes components, suggesting that SUA may involve a separate pathway of MetS development independent of obesity.

Findings like these may alter clinical thinking such that uric acid control can be prioritized to the same extent as obesity, dyslipidemia and hypertension. Whether hyperuricemia may be considered as a therapeutic target for preventing MetS warrants further studies. The findings from this study have been published in the International Journal of Obesity.

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on January 15, 2020 at 7:30am

Researchers discover new strategy in the fight against antibiotic resistance that weakens bacteria by preventing them from cooperating.


Nice strategy: scientists hope to create a solution for chronic infections that do not respond to antibiotic treatment, after having discovered mechanisms for listening in on sleeping bacteria.

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on January 15, 2020 at 6:45am

In a step toward practical quantum computing, researchers from MIT, Google, and elsewhere have designed a system that can verify when quantum chips have accurately performed complex computations that classical computers can't.


Exposure to toxic chemicals in flame retardants and pesticides, still resulted in more than a million cases of intellectual disability in the developed world alone


Life's clockwork: Scientist shows how molecular engines keep us ticking


Controlled phage therapy can target drug-resistant bacteria while sidestepping potential unintended consequences

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on January 14, 2020 at 8:53am

First 'living' robots. These "xenobots" can move toward a target, pick up a payload (like a medicine that needs to be carried to a specific place inside a patient)—and heal themselves after being cut: a living, programmable organism ...


The first translation of the methods -complex mathematical methods of hydrodynamic stability theory, a subfield of fluid mechanics- which combine physics and applied mathematics, into medicine to reduce blood clots in artificial heart valves.


Device keeps human livers alive for one week outside of the body. This breakthrough may increase the number of available organs for transplantation, saving many lives of patients .


The neurobiology of suicide: The biochemical mechanisms in the brain underlying suicidal behavior are beginning to come to light, and researchers hope they could one day lead to better treatment and prevention strategies.

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on January 12, 2020 at 11:32am

Sci-com through cartoons 

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on January 10, 2020 at 8:27am

'Bilingual' molecule connects two basic codes for life

The nucleic acids of DNA encode genetic information, while the amino acids of proteins contain the code to turn that information into structures and functions. Together, they provide the two fundamental codes underlying all of life.

Now scientists have found a way to combine these two main coding languages into a single "bilingual" molecule.

The Journal of the American Chemical Society published the work

The synthesized molecule could become a powerful tool for applications such as diagnostics, gene therapy and drug delivery targeted to specific cells.


New ideas to consider: How bacteria self-destruct to fight viral infections - design that could be employed to improve treatment of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections by refining phage therapy.


Plants learning a pest's language and using it to drive it away? Yes, researchers found this happening in nature!


An 18-carat real gold nugget made of plastic! Researchers have created an incredibly lightweight 18-carat gold, using a matrix of plastic in place of metallic alloy elements.


Why prolonged protests and social unrest like we are now having in this part of the world are not good for your health? Because protest-hit Hong Kong sees surge in depression, PTSD: study

Scientists develop 'Twitter' for cells to understand their communication mechanism.


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