SCI-ART LAB

Science, Art, Litt, Science based Art & Science Communication

Recently one person asked me why sci-art doesn't deal with the paranormal. I don't know about others but I have done a few works based on these aspects. You can see them here.

http://www.kkartfromscience.com/popup/as28.html

http://www.kkartfromscience.com/popup/as29.html

http://www.kkartfromscience.com/pop-fromsce-25.9.11/as90.html
I can only do such types of work because science has a different point of view on this topic: please read this article on SA:http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cocktail-party-physics/2011/10/...
Some of the experiences people describe as encounters with the supernatural had been reproduced in labs by stimulating certain parts of the human brain.

Watch the video below to know more about this...

Neuroscientists awaken ghosts… hidden in our cortex

Ghosts only exist in our minds, and we know precisely where to look for them. Patients suffering from neurological or psychiatric conditions have often reported a strange “feeling of a presence”. EPFL researchers have now succeeded in recreating this illusion in the lab.


To know more: http://actu.epfl.ch/news/neuroscienti...

So  science is slowly replacing paranormal and the supernatural with the normal and the natural. 


Why people see strange, dangerous, zombie type ghosts - here are some more reasons -
1. When the carbon monoxide content increases in the room, mostly due to inadequate ventilation, it affects our brain and we experience hallucination. We see imaginary objects and when we try to reach them, hurt  ourselves and put the blame on ghosts or spirits.

2.Electromagnetic radiation in certain old buildings

3. Overstress and fatigue.

4. movies impact and phobias (fear of ghost)

5. many times some notorious real estate dealers, agents, property builders, politicians try to apprehend the dwellers of big bungalows, with ghost story rumors and create strange incidents and then cover up with ghost stories. They do such things, in order to bring down the market price of the bungalows and compel the dwellers to sell it to them as the ghost stories will significantly affect the demand of the property.

6. Many times people create ghost stories out of fun.

7. Gurus, babas and  some Godmen endorse such stories for commercial purpose to gain more devotees and keep them occupied with fear of ghosts and control them.

8. Jerks see something strange and make mountain out of rock. Like the  story of a chicken. It seems  a small leaf fell on a chicken and it ran and created chaos by saying that whole sky fell on him and world is gonna end. Similarly ghost stories were born. There are many more such stories.

9. Some tour operators propagate ghost stories of old forts, castles, buildings etc. in their cities/towns to increase the mystery and attraction to visit the place.

Recently I read one interesting story in the news papers here. It seems some teenage boys wanted to film 'ghosts and spirits' and post the video on You Tube to create some sensation. So about 12 of them went to a grave yard in the middle of the night and waited there for about four hours. When they couldn't find any spirits despite trying their best, they themselves started to act like ghosts by wearing white clothes asking their other friends to film them. 

When one of the night police patrolling vans came near the grave yard, they heard strange noises coming from inside. The police went inside to check what the matter was and came out with the whole story and the youngsters who were creating nuisance to create sensational news! They were warned not to do it again by the police.

Imagine what would have happened had the police went another way at that time and didn't find them 'trying to build' false stories!

So?! 

**

I too have some interesting stories to tell. When I was in college, during one of my visits to my grand parents place, one dark night, I was standing on the steps of my grand parents old villa wearing white clothes. There was a power cut and people couldn't see things clearly. Then one of my cousins saw me on the steps, got frightened and went to her home nearby and told everybody. People started coming,  trying to see the 'ghost'. They were all peeping through the gate of the compound wall afraid to come near me. I wondered what this commotion was all about and started walking towards the curious group standing outside the gate and whispering about the 'ghost'. They all ran away! I didn't understand what happened. Next morning the story spread like wild fire. Everybody was sure they saw a ghost on the steps of my grand parents villa. I tried to convince them that it was me standing on the steps on the previous night, but nobody was willing to listen to me. Because they knew I was a skeptic and didn't believe these stories so easily. Whenever, I think about this story, I laugh and laugh.

Recently I came across some stories in which it was described how  things started falling down from cup boards etc. in homes and shops during nights. People attributed these things to 'ghosts'!

In my home too sometimes some things fall from shelves and cup boards. I don't believe in ghosts. So I really go and investigate the reason for these things. Many times I found lizards that were chasing small insects that move around during nights responsible for these 'strange things' happening around the kitchen. And  I have observed some other interesting things too. The tall steel and German silver boxes in which we keep cereals, pulses  etc. sometimes go out of shape at the top when they fall down. When you use pressure to put the lid back on them, these misshapen boxes push the lids out and they come out with such force as if somebody has taken them out and thrown on the flour!

And the lift shaft of our building is just next to a cupboard located in the wall of my flat. The vibrations of the lift moving up and down the shaft make things move in the cupboard! 

If a room in your house has two doors and it is air tight (with all closed doors and windows), if you open or close one door, the other one too (or the window) tries to move as the air pressure is increased or decreased in the room. This is not because of the ghosts present in the room! You can test this yourself.

Yes, there aren't any ghosts in my home!

 Another story: While I was studying for my M.Sc. final exams ( I used to study with such concentration that all that had been written in the books appeared before me in the examination hall and I didn't miss even a single point and that was how I got all top ranks in all my exams!), a sparrow started flying above me making noises & disturbing my concentration. I got annoyed and looked at the sparrow and said, "Get lost, you are disturbing me!" And as soon as I said those words the sparrow caught in the blades of the running ceiling fan above and got mauled, its feathers scattering all around me and the sparrow fell before me lying dead! I was shocked and moved by the scene! It haunted me for days. I didn't expect this to happen and I definitely didn't mean it! I only wanted the sparrow to go out and not to disturb me. I felt very bad about it for days. People who heard this story said I had paranormal abilities and started fearing me. But I don't believe I have any such abilities. It was just a coincidence but people attributed several such things to me and some even said I was a Goddess and could curse them if they did anything bad to me! I feel all this is rubbish. I definitely don't have any abilities to do things in the way I want if I just only think or say anything about them. But will people listen?! Another example of baseless belief!

It seems intuitive minds are more likely to engage in such “magical thinking”. Intuitive beliefs often interact with emotional processes. Cognitive psychologists have offered one possible explanation; the “conjunction fallacy.” The conjunction fallacy was coined by psychologists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky and basically describes a reasoning error where people mistakenly assume that specific conditions are more likely than general ones.
Recent research (3) has shown that people who espouse paranormal and conspiratorial beliefs are much more susceptible to the conjunction-fallacy. For example, consider the fact that people often endorse multiple (or contradictory) conspiracy theories about the same event, where belief in one conspiracy serves as evidence for belief in another. Yet, the likelihood that two (or many) different conspiratorial explanations about world events are all true at the same time is increasingly unlikely. Similarly, belief in one paranormal phenomenon might quickly lead to the belief that many “magical” things are happening (it can’t merely be coincidence).

Scientists do educated guessing and informed imagination. This is not intuition. I use reason, think critically taking all my experiences and the available parameters into account and guess something would happen. This might come true because the conclusion is based on facts.  The ability to know inwardly what will work in any undertaking comes partly with experience. If we’ve repeated an activity for a long time, we will more or less automatically know which choices to make. Experience hones the sharp edge of intuition. That doesn't mean I have any special paranormal abilities! The feeling of inner, intuitive and informed guidance is subtle. This is no magic!

Math Explains Likely Long Shots, Miracles and Winning the Lottery
  One should not be surprised when long shots, miracles and other extraordinary events occur—even when the same six winning lottery numbers come up in two successive drawings

What we think of as extremely unlikely events actually happen around us all the time. The mathematical law of truly large numbers as well as the law of combinations help to explain why.
With only 23 people in a room, the probability that two of them share the same birthday is 0.51—greater than 50 percent.

If your birthday is any day except February 29, you share your birthday with approximately 1/365 of any population (0.274%). Therefore, since the world population till now is estimated at 7 billion you share your birthday with over 19 million people around the world (19,178,082). That is no miracle or magic!

The Bulgarian lottery randomly selected the winning numbers 4, 15, 23, 24, 35, 42 on September 6, 2009. Four days later it selected the same numbers again. The North Carolina Cash 5 lottery produced the same winning numbers on July 9 and 11, 2007. Strange? Not according to probability (Ref  1).

Reflective thinkers are more likely to see the event as a statistical fluke, while intuitive thinkers feel it is magic!

Déjà vu is another startling mental event. The phenomenon involves a strong feeling that an experience is familiar, despite sensing or knowing that it never happened before. Most people have experienced déjà vu at some point in their life, but it occurs infrequently, perhaps once or twice a year at most.

Although déjà vu often feels supernatural or paranormal, glitches in the brain might be to blame. One possibility is that a small seizure occurs in brain regions essential for memory formation and retrieval—the hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus, areas deep in the middle of the brain. When you see your grandmother, for example, spontaneous activity in these regions creates an instant feeling of familiarity. With déjà vu, a brief synaptic misfiring might occur in these areas, creating the illusion that the event has occurred before. In support of this idea, studies show that some individuals with epilepsy have a brief déjà vu episode prior to a seizure, with the focal area of the seizure often falling in the hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus.

Other phenomena might also help explain déjà vu, such as inattentiveness. Because we often navigate the world on autopilot, we take in much of our surroundings on an unconscious level. People who text on their cell phones while walking are only superficially aware of the shops and pedestrians they are passing. Perhaps an episode of déjà vu begins during such a moment. When we emerge into full awareness, we might do a perceptual double take. We are struck by a strange sense of familiarity because we saw the scene just moments before, unconscious.

A third possibility is that we have forgotten the prior experience. The psychology literature is replete with stories of adults visiting a notable place, such as a castle, and becoming overwhelmed by an uncanny sense of having been there before.

Our brain is always searching for connections. As a result, we can sometimes make links that simply aren't there. (ref 2)

When I myself have faced some of these things and know that there isn't any truth in them and in the absence of solid proof, I can only do things about what I feel is the right way of putting things i.e., exposing the falsehood and putting facts before people.

                                                                                    ----

After reading my article, several people sent me messages asking me to add the research on ghosts. And I added this update...

You hallucinate something and imagine things. These things are mostly based on the stories you hear and fears you face. And you ask science to explain your hallucinations and imaginations and prove them right! What a pity!

How can science explain or prove something that doesn't exist in the first place?

According to live science, the difficulty in scientifically evaluating ghosts is that a surprisingly wide variety of phenomena are attributed to ghosts, from a door closing on its own, to missing keys, to a cold area in a hallway, to a vision of a dead relative. When sociologists Dennis and Michele Waskul interviewed ghost experiencers for their 2016 book "Ghostly Encounters: The Hauntings of Everyday Life" (Temple University Pressthey found that "many participants were not sure that they had encountered a ghost and remained uncertain that such phenomena were even possible, simply because they did not see something that approximated the conventional image of a 'ghost.' Instead, many of our respondents were simply convinced that they had experienced something uncanny — something inexplicable, extraordinary, mysterious, or eerie." Thus, many people who go on record as claiming to have had a ghostly experience didn't necessarily see anything that most people would recognize as a classic "ghost," and in fact they may have had completely different experiences whose only common factor is that it could not be readily explained. 

Personal experience is one thing, but scientific evidence is another matter. Part of the difficulty in investigating ghosts is that there is not one universally agreed-upon definition of what a ghost is. Some believe that they are spirits of the dead who for whatever reason get "lost" on their way to The Other Side; others claim that ghosts are instead telepathic entities projected into the world from our minds.

Still others create their own special categories for different types of ghosts, such as poltergeists, residual hauntings, intelligent spirits and shadow people. Of course, it's all made up, like speculating on the different races of fairies or dragons: there are as many types of ghosts as you want there to be.

There are many contradictions inherent in ideas about ghosts. For example, are ghosts material or not? Either they can move through solid objects without disturbing them, or they can slam doors shut and throw objects across the room. According to logic and the laws of physics, it's one or the other. If ghosts are human souls, why do they appear clothed and with (presumably soulless) inanimate objects like hats, canes, and dresses — not to mention the many reports of ghost trains, cars and carriages?

If ghosts are the spirits of those whose deaths were unavenged, why are there unsolved murders, since ghosts are said to communicate with psychic mediums, and should be able to identify their killers for the police. And so on — just about any claim about ghosts raises logical reasons to doubt it.

Ghost hunters use many creative (and dubious) methods to detect the spirits' presences, often including psychics. Virtually all ghost hunters claim to be scientific, and most give that appearance because they use high-tech scientific equipment such as Geiger counters, Electromagnetic Field (EMF) detectors, ion detectors, infrared cameras and sensitive microphones. Yet none of this equipment has ever been shown to actually detect ghosts. For centuries, people believed that flames turned blue in the presence of ghosts. Today, few people accept that bit of lore, but it's likely that many of the signs taken as evidence by today's ghost hunters will be seen as just as wrong and antiquated centuries from now. 

Other researchers claim that the reason ghosts haven't been proven to exist is that we simply don't have the right technology to find or detect the spirit world. But this, too, can't be correct: Either ghosts exist and appear in our ordinary physical world (and can therefore be detected and recorded in photographs, film, video and audio recordings), or they don't. If ghosts exist and can be scientifically detected or recorded, then we should find hard evidence of that — yet we don't. If ghosts exist but cannot be scientifically detected or recorded, then all the photos, videos, audio and other recordings claimed to be evidence of ghosts cannot be ghosts. With so many basic contradictory theories — and so little science brought to bear on the topic — it's not surprising that despite the efforts of thousands of ghost hunters on television and elsewhere for decades, not a single piece of hard evidence of ghosts has been found.

And, of course, with the recent development of "ghost apps" for smartphones, it's easier than ever to create seemingly spooky images and share them on social media, making separating fact from fiction even more difficult for ghost researchers. 

Many people believe that support for the existence of ghosts can be found in no less a hard science than modern physics. It is widely claimed that Albert Einstein suggested a scientific basis for the reality of ghosts, based on the First Law of Thermodynamics: if energy cannot be created or destroyed but only change form, what happens to our body's energy when we die? Could that somehow be manifested as a ghost?

It seems like a reasonable assumption — unless you understand basic physics. The answer is very simple, and not at all mysterious. After a person dies, the energy in his or her body goes where all organisms' energy goes after death: into the environment. The energy is released in the form of heat, and the body is transferred into the animals that eat us (i.e., wild animals if we are left unburied, or worms and bacteria if we are interred), and the plants that absorb us. There is no bodily "energy" that survives death to be detected with popular ghost-hunting devices.

If ghosts are real, and are some sort of as-yet-unknown energy or entity, then their existence will (like all other scientific discoveries) be discovered and verified by scientists through controlled experiments — not by weekend ghost hunters wandering around abandoned houses in the dark late at night with cameras and flashlights.

According to science, ghosts don't exist, and that reports of ghosts can be explained by psychology, misperceptions, mistakes and hoaxes. There is absolutely no evidence of ghosts.

When I myself have faced some of these things and know that there isn't any truth in them and in the absence of solid proof, I can only do things about what I feel is the right way of putting things i.e., exposing the falsehood and putting facts before people.

So I  do works on the supernatural things based on scientific facts!

References:

1. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/math-explains-likely-long...

2. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/can-you-experience-deja-v...

3. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acp.2995/full#acp2995-bi...

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Committee for Skeptical Inquiry

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Committee_for_Skeptical_Inquiry

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http://www.csicop.org/si/

Skeptical Inquirer

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My reply to a Q on this...

Never experienced any supernatural thing. For every ‘experience’ in our lives there will be one natural and rational explanation and this can be done only by a scientifically inclined mind that can think critically.

Others can give hundreds of interpretations - each one based on the perception of their mind limitations conditioned by various things like culture, religion, emotion etc. Only when you overcome these limitations, you can see the facts and reality in its true form.

My world is different. It doesn’t have any thing that can’t be explained by Science. So I don’t believe in these things.

You must read this article to know the truth: Science and the paranormal

:) :)

Math Explains Likely Long Shots, Miracles and Winning the Lottery
Why you should not be surprised when long shots, miracles and other extraordinary events occur—even when the same six winning lottery numbers come up in two successive drawings

What we think of as extremely unlikely events actually happen around us all the time. The mathematical law of truly large numbers as well as the law of combinations help to explain why.
With only 23 people in a room, the probability that two of them share the same birthday is 0.51—greater than 50 percent.
The Bulgarian lottery randomly selected the winning numbers 4, 15, 23, 24, 35, 42 on September 6, 2009. Four days later it selected the same numbers again. The North Carolina Cash 5 lottery produced the same winning numbers on July 9 and 11, 2007. Strange? Not according to probability.

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/math-explains-likely-long...

World Cup Prediction Mathematics Explained World Cup Prediction Mathematics Explained /

http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2014/06/11/world-c...

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