Science, Art, Litt, Science based Art & Science Communication
Q: Does gravity effect the food movement in the digestive system in any way?
Krishna: Though experts warn against eating while lying down, this suggestion isn't related to gravity in any way. That’s because digestion is aided not by physics, but by peristalsis—the contracting of muscles along the digestive tract to transport food through the body. It explains why astronauts are able to digest their space spaghetti in zero-gravity conditions.
Q: Can we eat our food lying down?
Krishna: Lying on one’s left side can reduce pressure on the lower stomach, allowing one to eat more comfortably. It may also allow carbohydrates to be absorbed more slowly, and therefore prevent spikes in insulin levels, but that’s pretty much where the benefits end. It could also lead to an increased risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and the American College of Gastroenterology recommends that people avoid lying down for two hours after eating.
Also, the food might enter your wind pipe accidentally if you eat lying down and can lead to choking. Your Posture will have effect on digestion. The posture you adopt while eating can influence your ability to digest food. That's because food empties from the stomach more slowly when a person is sitting in a slumping position or lying down, compared to when they are standing or sitting straight.
Q: How can any individual claim the apex of knowledge?
Because this universe is based on scientific principles and run by science in reality.
To reach “Apex of knowledge”, we, as human beings have several limitations. What you think is real knowledge might be just your interpretation and need not be a fact.
Therefore, to overcome all human weaknesses in interpreting things science has set some rules. Scientific method … validification, falsification, improvement.
Our Universe is based on and follows certain scientific principles ... that is established science. If it is not, our universe would have collapsed by now. As it is working wonderfully, the universe has clearly demarcated what is science and what is not. If your study agrees with the universal science, it is undoubtedly 'scientific'. Nobody can challenge and provide evidence contrary to that. Universal science is settled.
While Science is what our universe works with and a settled one at that, science is also the process with which we try to understand things. It’s about explaining the world we see, developing models that fit the data. But fitting models to data is a complex and multifaceted process. In this process the universe itself is our guide. Human mind might not be able to comprehend fully and correctly sometimes because of its limitations, but there are processes called falsifications and corrections to set things right. It is because of the human mind limitations, we most often have only the best knowledge under the present circumstances. If we get things right, and if our data fits with the universal versions there won't be any falsification and it is the ultimate knowledge.
If what we observe concurs with the universal principles of science, that itself is evidence that we got it right. If we can make things work using our new found knowledge ( inventions based on discoveries), that itself is proof we got things right.
Q: How have you overcome silly beliefs and practices? Can you guide me too?
First my training in scientific research made me question everything and analyse in detail and think critically.
My understanding of the world around me in a scientific and realistic way made me overcome all fear. I no longer fear anything. That understanding and conquering of fear made me discard all nonsense.
My grandfather was a social reformer. My upbringing too helped me to some extent.
But then, I am now completely different from everybody around. People don’t understand and appreciate what I do, i.e., swimming against the tide. They try to bring me back to their ways of doing things.
But I stopped caring about what others think about me. I stopped caring about others judgments, opinions, and silly talk about me. Nothing bothers me anymore.
My only guide is my science and critical thinking it gave me. Rest all belongs to trash can.
A mind broadened by genuine knowledge can never go back to its original size.
I am completely in a peaceful state of mind now.
Yes, I can guide you and all the others who want to follow a scientific way of life.
Just read what I write and post here and then ask me questions if you find any difficulty.
Q: I have migraine and diabetes problems and am on insulin. I am facing severe problems because of them.
My in-laws and husband are highly orthodox. They won't eat anything unless they perform pujas which might take three to four hours to complete in the morning. They won't allow me too to eat anything until they complete all their rituals. They say God will protect me if I follow what they tell me to do. But I have to work at home and send my children to school. If I don't eat in the morning, I get severe headaches, my blood sugar levels go down making me feel giddy. What is the solution? No amount of pleading could change the people in my home. Shall I eat without their knowledge? Is that right thing to do?
Krishna: I have seen some people like your husband who don't have any knowledge about human body. And those who don't try to understand others' plight no matter how much you try.
What is right and what is wrong in such circumstances? As a biologist, I think eating something is right. But do it smartly.
Take the things you want to eat and keep them before the idols you worship, offer them to your 'God' and then eat them and tell your folks that you are eating only Prasad. And God wanted you to eat them to recover from your health conditions.
That will be alright in their view.
Q: Can God worship cure diseases?
Krishna: No, it doesn’t! You yourself can try and see the results. If only praying to God can cure diseases, nobody would suffer. If praying can save you from death, nobody would die.
On the other hand, science can help you in curing at least some diseases. You might ask, ‘why not all?’. The limitations come from our understanding of the diseases.
This universe is controlled by science and run by it. If you can understand this, you can solve the problems using the knowledge.
Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: A multicenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer
Results : In the 2 groups uncertain about receiving intercessory prayer, complications occurred in 52% (315/604) of patients who received intercessory prayer versus 51% (304/597) of those who did not (relative risk 1.02, 95% CI 0.92-1.15). Complications occurred in 59% (352/601) of patients certain of receiving intercessory prayer compared with the 52% (315/604) of those uncertain of receiving intercessory prayer (relative risk 1.14, 95% CI 1.02-1.28). Major events and 30-day mortality were similar across the 3 groups.
Conclusions : Intercessory prayer itself had no effect on complication-free recovery from CABG, but certainty of receiving intercessory prayer was associated with a higher incidence of complications.
In 1936, a young girl in New York named Phyllis sent Albert Einstein a letter asking him whether scientists prayed. In the letter, posted by Brain Pickings from a larger volume of Einstein's letters answering children's' questions, he replied that since scientists believe that everything in the world must fall under the laws of nature, they don't believe that a wish can be granted by a supernatural force.
Scientists think that every occurrence, including the affairs of human beings, is due to the laws of nature. Therefore a scientist cannot be inclined to believe that the course of events can be influenced by prayer, that is, by a supernaturally manifested wish.
Q: Are all mutated pathogens resistant to antibiotics?