Science, Art, Litt, Science based Art & Science Communication

Interactive program for training in dioptical-bioptical perception

Interactive program for training in dioptical-bioptical perception


I participated with my patent 112061 OSIM Romania to:

Salon International des Inventions GENEVE (Switzerland) ;  12 aprilie 2000


I have proven my techniques and I was granted to a distinction.

Silver Medal (protocol) confirms

the jury of experts found that the method described in the patent corresponding

effects which I claim.


We presented patent badge below, which provides a graphical summary of the patent.



 One of elememtele presented the jury is program

to demonstrate kinetic effects:

Binocular Rivalry,  Colour fusion Helmholtz, Stereoscopy




 Liviu Iliescu : Dioptical-boptical Art kinetic (DPAC)

(arranged for crossed-eye viewing:  one sees this image, from far, from 1 ... 3 meters )                                                                                                           

Follow the instructions to open the file:

Method for stereoscope-type kinetic expressions

Teaching purposes initiation Dioptica - Bioptical art I developed a documentation

for computer programming.

  Computer program and implementation were made by ing. Ralea Daniel








    Four variants obtained by applying kinetic program.

Arranged for crossed-eye viewing; each version will be seen separately


  The user-controlled combination multiple choice images are obtained

Structured with: Binocular Rivalry, Colour Fusion Helmholtz Stereoscopy


In films and TV shows continuous movement through visual hysteresis.

In the program, DPAC, I introduced intervals noticeable. May

introduce similar programs optionally intervals,

making the assumption that being react more strongly to novelty.



This psychological game can be practiced by anyone who has knowledge of

initiation for computer use.


All techniques resulting from claims of patent no. OSIM 112061 Romania

can be used for free. My goal was to confirm the effects of experts from

 the institution that granted patents



Also can be used for free and other techniques generally result in my descriptions


  I recommend these images, obtained with the method DPAC

  for training and initiation in Dioptical-Bioptical Art

Also I bring this program to the attention of researchers from fields:

   Neuroimaging; Neuroaestetic.


I suggest these applications as a result of communications from:

Subcortical discrimination of unperceived objects during binocular rivalry.

  1. - Neuron - Brian N Pasley, Linda C Mayes ...


They'll probably find that specific activity in the brain in response to
novelty that mobilizes interest in being the nearest reflex compared to interest disinterested
which generally characterize fine art



Psychical satiety in affectivity


The phenomenon of binocular rivalry is has long been known.

 Herman von Helmholtz  (century XIX) named him Retinal rivalry


Excerpt from:

Introduction to bioptical terminology


RETINAL RIVALRY Psychophysical response to different colours and forms,

 separately and differently  received by the two retinas (Hermann von Helmholtz).



 Robert P O'Shea has published an extensive bibbliografie  as the basis

 for developing the field of Binocular Rivalry.


  1. See:
  2. Binocular rivalry bibliography - Robert P O'Shea - Google Sites

4 Jul 2007 ... This bibliography is maintained by Robert P. O'Shea. If you find any errors

omissions, or if you have any comments, please send me an ...


In the book published by me:

The Paired Off Visual Signal 2007, Monitorul Oficial, Bucharest,

            95  pages ISBN 978-973-0-05187-2.


I use this bibliography, extracting data to describe

  historical development of the field of Binocular Rivalry


Excerpt from capitolul:

2. Binocular rivalry and stereoscopy in bioptical art

din cartea The Paired Off……



In my publications, I have used the somewhat traditional terms retinal rivalry and colour fusion, borrowed from the studies of Herman von Helmholtz, published in Handbuch der Physiologischen Optik (Leopold Voss, Leipzig, 1867). They were translated in 1925 as Treatise on Physiological Optics (editor J.P. Southall, Dover, New York).
Binocular rivalry is a field which has aroused the researchers` interest in the last three decades, especially in psychology and neurology.
Randolph Blake lists more than 140 references in his study A Primer on Binocular Rivalry, Including Current Controversies, published in "Brain and Mind" in 2001. Sixty percent of the titles were published after 1975. [Figure 2.1 of this chapter is reproduced from Blake`s article.] Blake briefly reviews the main contributions, starting with J.B. Porta`s De Refractione. Optices Part. Libri Novem of 1593, quoted by N.J. Wade in 1998 in A Natural History of Vision.
In order to follow up the historic itinerary of studies on binocular rivalry, I will also refer to Wade’s monograph.
- Le Clerk (1712) pointed to the binocular rivalry with colours.
- Dutour (1760, 1763) clearly describes the binocular rivalry of two colours with contour. He also describes the fusion with the naked eye, by eye convergence or divergence. This modality of observation was resumed in 1990 by Christopher Tyler in the autostereograms invented by him and popularly called "Magic Eye".





    R. Blake ;Binocular Rivalry images 


Dioptical-bioptical effects have resulted from studies done by me,

for application in the fields of fine art Binocular Rivalry,  Colour fusion Helmholtz, Stereoscopy   


  I have obtained effects:


Psychophysiological mixture of colours, retinal cooperation, antispace in art, spatial harmony, bispace in art, psychic cycle, dynamics of space depth, spatial disharmony, hyper-realistic effects, hiatus in art, visual gradient, hyperspace in art, space and time in bioptical art, field binocular rivalry.

Some of these have not been experienced by humans yet.


See: 3. Bioptical effects, definitions

   12. Visual-sense-storming

For information and thematic development

see the field in who enroll my publications:


science visual sense fine art images

   access and images


My first publication


OSIM Patent no 67678/19.02.1974 - Method for model making.

See: 14. Some additions and resumptions on the bioptical composition

Confirmation effects dioptical-bioptical applicable in fine art






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