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Science Simplified!

                       JAI VIGNAN

All about Science - to remove misconceptions and encourage scientific temper

Communicating science to the common people

'To make  them see the world differently through the beautiful lense of  science'

Members: 17
Latest Activity: 17 hours ago

         WE LOVE SCIENCE HERE BECAUSE IT IS A MANY SPLENDOURED THING

     THIS  IS A WAR ZONE WHERE SCIENCE FIGHTS WITH NONSENSE AND WINS                                               

“The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.”             

                    "Being a scientist is a state of mind, not a profession!"

"Knowledge is a Superpower but the irony is you cannot get enough of it with ever increasing data base unless you try to keep up with it constantly and in the right way!" The best education comes from learning from people who know what they are exactly talking about.

Science is this glorious adventure into the unknown, the opportunity to discover things that nobody knew before. And that’s just an experience that’s not to be missed. But it’s also a motivated effort to try to help humankind. And maybe that’s just by increasing human knowledge—because that’s a way to make us a nobler species.

If you are scientifically literate the world looks very different to you.

We do science and science communication not because they are easy but because they are difficult!

There are about 452 articles posted here. Links to some important articles :

1. Interactive science series...

a. how-to-do-research-and-write-research-papers-part 13

b. Some Qs peopel asked me on science and my replies to them...

Part 6part-10part-11part-12, part 14  ,  part- 8

part- 1part-2part-4part-5part-16part-17part-18 , part-19 , part-20

part-21 , part-22part-23part-24part-25part-26part-27 , part-28

part-29part-30part-31part-32part-33part-34part-35part-36part-37,

 part-38part-40part-41part-42part-43part-44part-45part-46part-47

Part 48 part49Critical thinking -part 50 , part -51part-52part-53

part-54part-55part-57part-58part-59part-60part-61part-62part-63

part 64, part-65part-66part-67part-68part 69part-70 part-71part-73 ...

.......164

BP variations during pregnancy part-72

who is responsible for the gender of  thier children - a man or a woman -part-56

c. some-questions-people-asked-me-on-science-based-on-my-art-and-poems -part-7

d. science-s-rules-are-unyielding-they-will-not-be-bent-for-anybody-part-3-

e. debate-between-scientists-and-people-who-practice-and-propagate-pseudo-science - part -9

f. why astrology is pseudo-science part 15

g. How Science is demolishing patriarchal ideas - part-39

2. in-defence-of-mangalyaan-why-even-developing-countries-like-india need space research programmes

3. Science communication series:

a. science-communication - part 1

b. how-scienitsts-should-communicate-with-laymen - part 2

c. main-challenges-of-science-communication-and-how-to-overcome-them - part 3

d. the-importance-of-science-communication-through-art- part 4

e. why-science-communication-is-geting worse - part  5

f. why-science-journalism-is-not-taken-seriously-in-this-part-of-the-world - part 6

g. blogs-the-best-bet-to-communicate-science-by-scientists- part 7

h. why-it-is-difficult-for-scientists-to-debate-controversial-issues - part 8

i. science-writers-and-communicators-where-are-you - part 9

j. shooting-the-messengers-for-a-different-reason-for-conveying-the- part 10

k. why-is-science-journalism-different-from-other-forms-of-journalism - part 11

l.  golden-rules-of-science-communication- Part 12

m. science-writers-should-develop-a-broader-view-to-put-things-in-th - part 13

n. an-informed-patient-is-the-most-cooperative-one -part 14

o. the-risks-scientists-will-have-to-face-while-communicating-science - part 15

p. the-most-difficult-part-of-science-communication - part 16

q. clarity-on-who-you-are-writing-for-is-important-before-sitting-to write a science story - part 17

r. science-communicators-get-thick-skinned-to-communicate-science-without-any-bias - part 18

s. is-post-truth-another-name-for-science-communication-failure?

t. why-is-it-difficult-for-scientists-to-have-high-eqs

u. art-and-literature-as-effective-aids-in-science-communication-and teaching

v.some-qs-people-asked-me-on-science communication-and-my-replies-to-them

w. why-motivated-perception-influences-your-understanding-of-science

4. Health related topics:

a. why-antibiotic-resistance-is-increasing-and-how-scientists-are-tr

b. what-might-happen-when-you-take-lots-of-medicines

c. know-your-cesarean-facts-ladies

d. right-facts-about-menstruation

e. answer-to-the-question-why-on-big-c

f. how-scientists-are-identifying-new-preventive-measures-and-cures-

g. what-if-little-creatures-high-jack-your-brain-and-try-to-control-

h. who-knows-better?

i. mycotoxicoses

j. immunotherapy

k. can-rust-from-old-drinking-water-pipes-cause-health-problems

l. pvc-and-cpvc-pipes-should-not-be-used-for-drinking-water-supply

m. melioidosis

n.vaccine-woes

o. desensitization-and-transplant-success-story

p. do-you-think-the-medicines-you-are-taking-are-perfectly-alright-then revisit your position!

q. swine-flu-the-difficlulties-we-still-face-while-tackling-the-outb

r. dump-this-useless-information-into-a-garbage-bin-if-you-really-care about evidence based medicine

s. don-t-ignore-these-head-injuries

t. the-detoxification-scam

u. allergic- agony-caused-by-caterpillars-and-moths

General science: 

a.why-do-water-bodies-suddenly-change-colour

b. don-t-knock-down-your-own-life-line

c. the-most-menacing-animal-in-the-world

d. how-exo-planets-are-detected

e. the-importance-of-earth-s-magnetic-field

f. saving-tigers-from-extinction-is-still-a-travail

g. the-importance-of-snakes-in-our-eco-systems

h. understanding-reverse-osmosis

i. the-importance-of-microbiomes

j. crispr-cas9-gene-editing-technique-a-boon-to-fixing-defective-gen

k. biomimicry-a-solution-to-some-of-our-problems

5. the-dilemmas-scientists-face

6. why-we-get-contradictory-reports-in-science

7. be-alert-pseudo-science-and-anti-science-are-on-prowl

8. science-will-answer-your-questions-and-solve-your-problems

9. how-science-debunks-baseless-beliefs

10. climate-science-and-its-relevance

11. the-road-to-a-healthy-life

12. relative-truth-about-gm-crops-and-foods

13. intuition-based-work-is-bad-science

14. how-science-explains-near-death-experiences

15. just-studies-are-different-from-thorough-scientific-research

16. lab-scientists-versus-internet-scientists

17. can-you-challenge-science?

18. the-myth-of-ritual-working

19.science-and-superstitions-how-rational-thinking-can-make-you-work-better

20. comets-are-not-harmful-or-bad-omens-so-enjoy-the-clestial-shows

21. explanation-of-mysterious-lights-during-earthquakes

22. science-can-tell-what-constitutes-the-beauty-of-a-rose

23. what-lessons-can-science-learn-from-tragedies-like-these

24. the-specific-traits-of-a-scientific-mind

25. science-and-the-paranormal

26. are-these-inventions-and-discoveries-really-accidental-and-intuitive like the journalists say?

27. how-the-brain-of-a-polymath-copes-with-all-the-things-it-does

28. how-to-make-scientific-research-in-india-a-success-story

29. getting-rid-of-plastic-the-natural-way

30. why-some-interesting-things-happen-in-nature

31. real-life-stories-that-proves-how-science-helps-you

32. Science and trust series:

a. how-to-trust-science-stories-a-guide-for-common-man

b. trust-in-science-what-makes-people-waver

c. standing-up-for-science-showing-reasons-why-science-should-be-trusted

You will find the entire list of discussions here: http://kkartlab.in/group/some-science/forum

( Please go through the comments section below to find reports/research results relating to science reported on a daily basis and watch videos based on science)

Get interactive...

Please contact us if you want us to add any information or scientific explanation on any topic that interests you. We will try our level best to give you the right information.

Our mail ID: kkartlabin@gmail.com

Discussion Forum

Is research breaking the speed of light correct? Yes, in an emergency situation for scientists.

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday. 1 Reply

Several people asked me this question in the past one month: Wuhan coronavirus Wuhan coronavirus research results are  being distributed on preprint servers like bioRxiv, which are not peer reviewed.…Continue

Qs people asked me on science and my replies to them - Part 168

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday. 1 Reply

Q: Why doesn’t medical science have medicine without side effects? Is it really success or failure of medical science? Krishna: You really will have to understand science deeply to analyse and…Continue

Sport Science - your best bet to beat competition when used in a correct and legal way

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday. 5 Replies

How can you achieve these targets in sport: "Faster, Higher, Stronger"?Very often people in this part of the world wonder why some developed countries do very well in Olympics and other International…Continue

How God men and other people walk on fire without getting burnt

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday. 1 Reply

Some people walk on fire without getting burnt. How do they do it?  Are there any miracles involved?No, is the answer. It just is plain science. Let me explain. We need to closely look at…Continue

Comment Wall

Comment

You need to be a member of Science Simplified! to add comments!

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa 17 hours ago

Study finds microbes can alter an environment dramatically before dying out

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-microbes-environment-dying.html?utm_s...

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How COVID-19 Is Spread: Scientists’ latest understanding of the facts, the suspicions, and the discounted rumors of SARS-CoV-2’s transmission from person to person

https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/how-covid-19-is-spread-6...

ALPHA collaboration reports first measurements of certain quantum effects in antimatter

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-alpha-collaboration-quantum-effects-a...

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Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa 19 hours ago

Opening the window in your home will not flush out the chemicals in the air! The chemicals clinging to the walls and on surfaces in the home immediately replace them by detaching from these surfaces & floating into the air as soon as the conc. drops!

All homes have chemicals in the air that are inhaled by the 's occupants. The chemicals come from materials such as couches and pillows, and also from products such as hair sprays, room deodorizers and scented candles. Other contributors include cleaning products and fumes from heating or cooking oils.

the researchers wondered if simply opening the windows and doors to a home would reduce the amount of chemicals in the air.

The experiments consisted of testing the air in a model home

Afterward, all the doors and windows were opened for a period of time and then closed again. The air was then tested again for the same chemicals. As expected, the researchers found that concentrations of most of the chemicals dropped dramatically when the doors and windows were opened—but they were surprised to see that the chemicals returned to their original concentrations within just a few minutes.

The researchers suggest that the reason opening the doors and windows did not reduce  levels for more than a few minutes was because the chemicals were clinging to the walls and on surfaces in the home. As concentration levels in the air dropped, the chemicals were immediately replaced by chemicals detaching from these surfaces and floating into the air.

The researchers also mopped the floor in the house several times using vinegar, and sprayed ammonia on most of the surfaces in the house to change  pH. They found that it only made things worse. Readings showed that chemical concentrations in the air were higher for a short period of time.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-window-home-flush-chemicals-air.html?...

More information: Chen Wang et al. Surface reservoirs dominate dynamic gas-surface partitioning of many indoor air constituents, Science Advances (2020). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay8973

Journal information: Science Advances 
Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa 19 hours ago

Lack of oxygen during the period anticipating child birth, a condition that may affect children of pregnant women subjected to a high blood pressure disorder called pre-eclampsia, has been found to be a cause of schizophrenia.

No, demons are not responsible for the condition!

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-02-lack-oxygen-pregnancy-schizo...

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Scientists (theoretically) predict state of matter that can conduct both electricity and energy perfectly - with 100% efficiency—never losing any to heat or friction.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-scientists-state-electricity-energy-p...

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How earthquakes deform gravity

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-earthquakes-deform-gravity.html?utm_s...

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https://theconversation.com/what-are-viruses-anyway-and-why-do-they...

What are viruses anyway, and why do they make us so sick?

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China Science Communication tells you about nine occasions when you should wash your hands.

https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-02-20/Coronavirus-prevention-is-in-...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Thursday

Communicating science can benefit from scientists 'being human'

MU researchers determine a scientist's 'perceived authenticity' can inform trust and credibility with audience

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-02/uom-csc021920.php

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The key to effective science communication isn’t the science. It’s communication.

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00452-3

Lesson 1: Don’t argue with beliefs. People tend to incorporate facts that align with their belief systems.

Lesson 2: Listen.

Lesson 3: Learn what people really think.

When feelings speak louder than facts, appealing to feelings can actually work in favour of science.

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Viewpoint: Glyphosate causes kidney disease? Debunking anti-GMO activist Vandana Shiva’s herbicide junk science.
We are not taking sides. You can analyse this and come to your own conclusion ...

https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2020/02/19/viewpoint-glyphosate-...

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New Discoveries in Human Anatomy

Using advanced microscopy and imaging techniques, scientists have revealed new parts of the human body and overturned previous misconceptions.

https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/new-discoveries-in-human...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday

Scientists are much more open but less agreeable than people in other professions. They’re more likely to be intellectually curious, idealistic, & passionate than non-scientists. But as a group, they also tend to be more rigid, cynical, and tactless

https://www.natureindex.com/news-blog/scientists-are-curious-and-id...

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‘Radiation-eating’ fungi could protect astronauts in space ...

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/radiation-ea...

https://www.realclearscience.com/blog/2020/02/04/fungi_that_eat_rad...

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2677413/

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The First Molecule In The Universe
Scientists have identified mystery molecules in space and the compound thought to have started chemistry in the cosmos

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-first-molecule-in-th...

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Newly Named Chibanian Age Demarcates Earth’s Last Magnetic Flip
The time period, which spans 770,000 to 126,000 years ago, started with a reversal of the planet’s magnetic field

https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/newly-named-chibanian-ag...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday

De novo genes-genes that have evolved from scratch- are far more common and important :genetic novelty can also be generated by totally new genes evolving from scratch.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-de-novo-genes-common-important.html?u...

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Reproductive genome from the lab: Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried generated a system, which is able to regenerate parts of its own DNA and protein building blocks.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-reproductive-genome-laboratory.html?u...

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Bioengineers developing organisms without biological parents: Bioengineers are on the brink of developing artificial organisms that will open up new applications in medicine and industry. Find out their risks and benefits.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-bioengineers-biological-parents.html?...

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Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Monday

New technologies, strategies expanding search for extraterrestrial life. Such "technosignatures" can range from the chemical composition of a planet's atmosphere, to laser emissions, to structures orbiting other stars, among others.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-technologies-strategies-extraterrestr...

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Earth's cousins: Upcoming missions to look for 'biosignatures' in exoplanet atmospheres such as quirks in chemical composition that are telltale signs of life.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-earth-cousins-upcoming-missions-biosi...

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Facial expressions don't tell the whole story of emotion. 'Can we truly detect emotion from facial articulations?'" "And the basic conclusion is, no, you can't."

it takes more than expressions to correctly detect emotion.

Facial color, for example, can help provide clues.

"What we showed is that when you experience emotion, your brain releases peptides—mostly hormones—that change the  and blood composition, and because the face is inundated with these peptides, it changes color,

The human body offers other hints, too, he said: body posture, for example. And context plays a crucial role as well.

Culture plays a role in expressions. 

https://techxplore.com/news/2020-02-facial-dont-story-emotion.html?...

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Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on February 14, 2020 at 6:39am

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on February 13, 2020 at 7:02am

Huge bacteria-eating viruses close gap between life and non-life

Scientists have discovered hundreds of unusually large, bacteria-killing viruses with capabilities normally associated with living organisms, blurring the line between living microbes and viral machines.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-huge-bacteria-eating-viruses-gap-life...

These phages—short for bacteriophages, so-called because they "eat" bacteria—are of a size and complexity considered typical of life, carry numerous genes normally found in bacteria and use these genes against their bacterial hosts.

Altogether they identified 351 different huge phages, all with genomes four or more times larger than the average genomes of viruses that prey on single-celled bacteria.

Among these is the largest bacteriophage discovered to date: Its , 735,000 base-pairs long, is nearly 15 times larger than the average phage. This largest known phage genome is much larger than the genomes of many bacteria.

These huge phages bridge the gap between non-living bacteriophages, on the one hand, and bacteria and Archaea. There definitely seem to be successful strategies of existence that are hybrids between what we think of as traditional viruses and traditional living organisms."

Ironically, within the DNA that these huge phages lug around are parts of the CRISPR system that bacteria use to fight viruses. It's likely that once these phages inject their DNA into bacteria, the viral CRISPR system augments the CRISPR system of the host bacteria, probably mostly to target other viruses.

"It is fascinating how these phages have repurposed this system we thought of as bacterial or archaeal to use for their own benefit against their competition, to fuel warfare between these viruses," said UC Berkeley graduate student Basem Al-Shayeb. Al-Shayeb and research associate Rohan Sachdeva are co-first authors of the Nature paper.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2007-4

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on February 12, 2020 at 8:42am

Animal birth control - the natural way: How some mammals pause their pregnancies Diapause, or delayed implantation, is a biological strategy for waiting out conditions unfavorable to sustaining newborns.

https://phys.org/news/2020-02-mammals-pregnancies.html?utm_source=n...

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