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Science Simplified!

                       JAI VIGNAN

All about Science - to remove misconceptions and encourage scientific temper

Communicating science to the common people

'To make  them see the world differently through the beautiful lense of  science'

Members: 21
Latest Activity: 3 hours ago

         WE LOVE SCIENCE HERE BECAUSE IT IS A MANY SPLENDOURED THING

     THIS  IS A WAR ZONE WHERE SCIENCE FIGHTS WITH NONSENSE AND WINS                                               

“The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.”             

                    "Being a scientist is a state of mind, not a profession!"

"Knowledge is a Superpower but the irony is you cannot get enough of it with ever increasing data base unless you try to keep up with it constantly and in the right way!" The best education comes from learning from people who know what they are exactly talking about.

Science is this glorious adventure into the unknown, the opportunity to discover things that nobody knew before. And that’s just an experience that’s not to be missed. But it’s also a motivated effort to try to help humankind. And maybe that’s just by increasing human knowledge—because that’s a way to make us a nobler species.

If you are scientifically literate the world looks very different to you.

We do science and science communication not because they are easy but because they are difficult!

There are about 556 articles posted here. Links to some important articles :

1. Interactive science series...

a. how-to-do-research-and-write-research-papers-part 13

b. Some Qs peopel asked me on science and my replies to them...

Part 6part-10part-11part-12, part 14  ,  part- 8

part- 1part-2part-4part-5part-16part-17part-18 , part-19 , part-20

part-21 , part-22part-23part-24part-25part-26part-27 , part-28

part-29part-30part-31part-32part-33part-34part-35part-36part-37,

 part-38part-40part-41part-42part-43part-44part-45part-46part-47

Part 48 part49Critical thinking -part 50 , part -51part-52part-53

part-54part-55part-57part-58part-59part-60part-61part-62part-63

part 64, part-65part-66part-67part-68part 69part-70 part-71part-73 ...

.......185

BP variations during pregnancy part-72

who is responsible for the gender of  thier children - a man or a woman -part-56

c. some-questions-people-asked-me-on-science-based-on-my-art-and-poems -part-7

d. science-s-rules-are-unyielding-they-will-not-be-bent-for-anybody-part-3-

e. debate-between-scientists-and-people-who-practice-and-propagate-pseudo-science - part -9

f. why astrology is pseudo-science part 15

g. How Science is demolishing patriarchal ideas - part-39

2. in-defence-of-mangalyaan-why-even-developing-countries-like-india need space research programmes

3. Science communication series:

a. science-communication - part 1

b. how-scienitsts-should-communicate-with-laymen - part 2

c. main-challenges-of-science-communication-and-how-to-overcome-them - part 3

d. the-importance-of-science-communication-through-art- part 4

e. why-science-communication-is-geting worse - part  5

f. why-science-journalism-is-not-taken-seriously-in-this-part-of-the-world - part 6

g. blogs-the-best-bet-to-communicate-science-by-scientists- part 7

h. why-it-is-difficult-for-scientists-to-debate-controversial-issues - part 8

i. science-writers-and-communicators-where-are-you - part 9

j. shooting-the-messengers-for-a-different-reason-for-conveying-the- part 10

k. why-is-science-journalism-different-from-other-forms-of-journalism - part 11

l.  golden-rules-of-science-communication- Part 12

m. science-writers-should-develop-a-broader-view-to-put-things-in-th - part 13

n. an-informed-patient-is-the-most-cooperative-one -part 14

o. the-risks-scientists-will-have-to-face-while-communicating-science - part 15

p. the-most-difficult-part-of-science-communication - part 16

q. clarity-on-who-you-are-writing-for-is-important-before-sitting-to write a science story - part 17

r. science-communicators-get-thick-skinned-to-communicate-science-without-any-bias - part 18

s. is-post-truth-another-name-for-science-communication-failure?

t. why-is-it-difficult-for-scientists-to-have-high-eqs

u. art-and-literature-as-effective-aids-in-science-communication-and teaching

v.* some-qs-people-asked-me-on-science communication-and-my-replies-to-them

 ** qs-people-asked-me-on-science-and-my-replies-to-them-part-173

w. why-motivated-perception-influences-your-understanding-of-science

x. science-communication-in-uncertain-times

y. sci-com: why-keep-a-dog-and-bark-yourself

z. How to deal with sci com dilemmas?

4. Health related topics:

a. why-antibiotic-resistance-is-increasing-and-how-scientists-are-tr

b. what-might-happen-when-you-take-lots-of-medicines

c. know-your-cesarean-facts-ladies

d. right-facts-about-menstruation

e. answer-to-the-question-why-on-big-c

f. how-scientists-are-identifying-new-preventive-measures-and-cures-

g. what-if-little-creatures-high-jack-your-brain-and-try-to-control-

h. who-knows-better?

i. mycotoxicoses

j. immunotherapy

k. can-rust-from-old-drinking-water-pipes-cause-health-problems

l. pvc-and-cpvc-pipes-should-not-be-used-for-drinking-water-supply

m. melioidosis

n.vaccine-woes

o. desensitization-and-transplant-success-story

p. do-you-think-the-medicines-you-are-taking-are-perfectly-alright-then revisit your position!

q. swine-flu-the-difficlulties-we-still-face-while-tackling-the-outb

r. dump-this-useless-information-into-a-garbage-bin-if-you-really-care about evidence based medicine

s. don-t-ignore-these-head-injuries

t. the-detoxification-scam

u. allergic- agony-caused-by-caterpillars-and-moths

General science: 

a.why-do-water-bodies-suddenly-change-colour

b. don-t-knock-down-your-own-life-line

c. the-most-menacing-animal-in-the-world

d. how-exo-planets-are-detected

e. the-importance-of-earth-s-magnetic-field

f. saving-tigers-from-extinction-is-still-a-travail

g. the-importance-of-snakes-in-our-eco-systems

h. understanding-reverse-osmosis

i. the-importance-of-microbiomes

j. crispr-cas9-gene-editing-technique-a-boon-to-fixing-defective-gen

k. biomimicry-a-solution-to-some-of-our-problems

5. the-dilemmas-scientists-face

6. why-we-get-contradictory-reports-in-science

7. be-alert-pseudo-science-and-anti-science-are-on-prowl

8. science-will-answer-your-questions-and-solve-your-problems

9. how-science-debunks-baseless-beliefs

10. climate-science-and-its-relevance

11. the-road-to-a-healthy-life

12. relative-truth-about-gm-crops-and-foods

13. intuition-based-work-is-bad-science

14. how-science-explains-near-death-experiences

15. just-studies-are-different-from-thorough-scientific-research

16. lab-scientists-versus-internet-scientists

17. can-you-challenge-science?

18. the-myth-of-ritual-working

19.science-and-superstitions-how-rational-thinking-can-make-you-work-better

20. comets-are-not-harmful-or-bad-omens-so-enjoy-the-clestial-shows

21. explanation-of-mysterious-lights-during-earthquakes

22. science-can-tell-what-constitutes-the-beauty-of-a-rose

23. what-lessons-can-science-learn-from-tragedies-like-these

24. the-specific-traits-of-a-scientific-mind

25. science-and-the-paranormal

26. are-these-inventions-and-discoveries-really-accidental-and-intuitive like the journalists say?

27. how-the-brain-of-a-polymath-copes-with-all-the-things-it-does

28. how-to-make-scientific-research-in-india-a-success-story

29. getting-rid-of-plastic-the-natural-way

30. why-some-interesting-things-happen-in-nature

31. real-life-stories-that-proves-how-science-helps-you

32. Science and trust series:

a. how-to-trust-science-stories-a-guide-for-common-man

b. trust-in-science-what-makes-people-waver

c. standing-up-for-science-showing-reasons-why-science-should-be-trusted

You will find the entire list of discussions here: http://kkartlab.in/group/some-science/forum

( Please go through the comments section below to find reports/research results relating to science reported on a daily basis and watch videos based on science)

Get interactive...

Please contact us if you want us to add any information or scientific explanation on any topic that interests you. We will try our level best to give you the right information.

Our mail ID: kkartlabin@gmail.com

Discussion Forum

Qs people asked me on science and my replies to them - part 199

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa 3 hours ago. 1 Reply

Q: Can a person survive lightening?  Krishna: Yes!  And of the roughly 500 people who are struck by lightning each year, about 90% survive.But you will have to face some consequences, although you…Continue

Contradictory reports that confuse people and make you realize what is really happening

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa yesterday. 1 Reply

All these days we have been told that washing with soap and water will remove the corona virus that causes COVID 19. I have seen hundreds of advises - given by doctors, scientists, even WHO that this…Continue

Zika virus

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday. 2 Replies

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus closely related to dengue virus. It was first isolated from a rhesus monkey in Zika forest, Uganda in 1947, in mosquitoes (Aedes africanus) in the same…Continue

Sci-com Quotes

Started by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa. Last reply by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa Jun 28. 1 Reply

Do what? Do science and sci-com!Huge Problem with sci-com right…Continue

Comment Wall

Comment

You need to be a member of Science Simplified! to add comments!

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday

A revolutionary new treatment alternative to corneal transplantation

Good news for the many patients who are unable to undergo corneal transplantation operation due to a severe worldwide shortage of donor corneas:

an effective and accessible solution called LiQD Cornea to treat corneal perforations without the need for transplantation.

Until now, patients on the  have had their perforated corneas sealed with a medical-grade super glue, but this is only a short-term solution because it is often poorly tolerated in the eye, making transplantation necessary.

A synthetic, biocompatible and adhesive liquid hydrogel, LiQD Cornea, is applied as a liquid, but quickly adheres and gels within the corneal tissue. The LiQD Cornea promotes tissue regeneration, thus treating corneal perforations without the need for transplantation.

Source: Christopher D. McTiernan et al, LiQD Cornea: Pro-regeneration collagen mimetics as patches and alternatives to corneal transplantation, Science Advances (2020). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba218

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-revolutionary-treatment-alte...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Wednesday

Quantum fridge works by superposing the order of events

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-quantum-fridge-superposing-events.htm...

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https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-diagosis-rheumatic-diseases-...

Moving the diagosis of rheumatic diseases into the era of precision medicine

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-cosmic-mystery-large-telescope-captur...

A cosmic mystery: Very Large Telescope captures the disappearance of a massive star

Using the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT), astronomers have discovered the absence of an unstable massive star in a dwarf galaxy. Scientists think this could indicate that the star became less bright and partially obscured by dust. An alternative explanation is that the star collapsed into a black hole without producing a supernova. 

Based on their observations and models, the astronomers have suggested two explanations for the star's disappearance and lack of a supernova, related to this possible outburst. The outburst may have resulted in the luminous blue variable being transformed into a less luminous star, which could also be partly hidden by dust. Alternatively, the team says the star may have collapsed into a black hole, without producing a supernova explosion. This would be a rare event: our current understanding of how  die points to most of them ending their lives in a supernova.

Future studies are needed to confirm what fate befell this star.

Source: "The possible disappearance of a massive star in the low metallicity galaxy PHL 293B" Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2020). academic.oup.com/mnras/article … .1093/mnras/staa1629

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-cosmic-mystery-large-telescope-captur...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday

Coral garden discovered off the coast of Greenland

https://www.sciencealert.com/a-vast-garden-of-soft-corals-has-been-...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday

This coronavirus mutation has taken over the world. Scientists are trying to understand why.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/science/2020/06/29/coronavirus-mutat...

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https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200629120231.htm

Ladder falls have long-lasting consequences for older men

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https://www.scidev.net/global/agriculture/feature/alarming-use-of-c...

‘Alarming’ use of critical human antibiotics on crops

Farmers in parts of Asia are spraying antibiotics deemed “critical” for human medicine on rice crops, raising fears they may be fuelling antibiotic resistance, say researchers.

A 32-country survey of agricultural advisers found that many are prescribing the common human antibiotics streptomycin and tetracycline for insect infestations, fungal diseases and as general protection, as well as for bacterial infections.*

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https://www.sciencealert.com/a-wild-laboratory-experiment-supports-...

Deep within the hearts of Neptune and Uranus, it could be raining diamonds. Now, scientists have produced new experimental evidence showing how this could be possible.

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https://www.sciencealert.com/your-childhood-neighbourhood-can-influ...

Your Childhood Neighbourhood Could Affect You on an Epigenetic Level, Says New Study

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https://www.sciencealert.com/mysterious-abandonment-of-once-great-m...

Mysterious Abandonment of Once-Great Maya City May Finally Be Explained

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday

How GPS can help farmers

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-gps-isnt-road-anymore.html?utm_source...

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-magnetic-history-ice.html?utm_source=...

The magnetic history of ice

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https://techxplore.com/news/2020-06-ad-blockers-benefit-websites-us...

Ad blockers may benefit websites, users, and the market at large

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-hydrophobic-molecules.html?utm_source...

Researchers find new shape for hydrophobic molecules in water

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A new antibiotic binding site found in the ribosome

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-antibiotic-site-ribosome.html?utm_sou...

A new antibiotic binding site found in the ribosome: it acts differently from the well-known antibiotic tetracycline, which offers good prospects for overcoming antibiotic resistance in bacteria.

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday

Credit card skimmers hide in web page image files

https://techxplore.com/news/2020-06-credit-card-skimmers-web-page.h...

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-cartwheeling-reveals-optical-phenomen...

New optical phenomenon: Researchers have discovered details about a novel type of polarized light-matter interaction with light that literally turns end over end as it propagates from a source.

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Multifunctional nanofiber protects against explosions in war zones: Researchers have developed a lightweight, multifunctional nanofiber material that can protect wearers from both extreme temperatures and ballistic threats.

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-multifunctional-nanofiber-explosions....

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-theory-semiconductors-nanocrystals.ht...

A new theory for semiconductors made of nanocrystals

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-physicists-surprisingly-strong-high-n...

Physicists see surprisingly strong light, high heat from nanogaps between plasmonic electrodes

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-nanotechnology-medicine-liquid-retina...

Nanotechnology applied to medicine: The first liquid retina prosthesis

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-volcanoes-deep-sea.html?utm_source=nw...

How volcanoes explode in the deep sea

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday

Engineers use 'DNA origami' to identify vaccine design rules

By folding DNA into a virus-like structure, MIT researchers have designed HIV-like particles that provoke a strong immune response from human immune cells grown in a lab dish. Such particles might eventually be used as an HIV vaccine.

The DNA particles, which closely mimic the size and shape of viruses, are coated with HIV proteins, or antigens, arranged in precise patterns designed to provoke a strong immune response. The researchers are now working on adapting this approach to develop a potential vaccine for SARS-CoV-2, and they anticipate it could work for a wide variety of viral diseases.

The rough design rules that are starting to come out of this work should be generically applicable across disease antigens and diseases. Because DNA molecules are highly programmable, scientists have been working since the 1980s on methods to design DNA molecules that could be used for drug delivery and many other applications, most recently using a technique called DNA origami that was invented in 2006 by Paul Rothemund.

In 2016, Bathe's lab developed an algorithm that can automatically design and build arbitrary three-dimensional virus-like shapes using DNA origami. This method offers precise control over the structure of synthetic DNA, allowing researchers to attach a variety of molecules, such as viral antigens, at specific locations.

Natural viruses are nanoparticles with antigens arrayed on the particle surface, and it is thought that the immune system (especially B ) has evolved to efficiently recognize such particulate antigens. Vaccines are now being developed to mimic natural viral structures, and such nanoparticle vaccines are believed to be very effective at producing a B cell immune response because they are the right size to be carried to the lymphatic vessels, which send them directly to B cells waiting in the lymph nodes. The particles are also the right size to interact with B cells and can present a dense array of viral particles.

The findings from this study have the potential to guide HIV vaccine development, as the HIV antigen used in these studies is currently being tested in a clinical trial in humans, using a protein nanoparticle scaffold.

Because this approach allows for antigens from different viruses to be carried on the same DNA scaffold, it could be possible to design variants that target multiple types of coronaviruses, including past and potentially future variants that may emerge, the researchers say.

Role of nanoscale antigen organization on B-cell activation probed using DNA origami, Nature Nanotechnology (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41565-020-0719-0 , www.nature.com/articles/s41565-020-0719-0

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-dna-origami-vaccine.html?utm_source=n...

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Tuesday

Producing a gaseous messenger molecule inside the body, on demand

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-gaseous-messenger-molecule-body-deman...

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https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-words.html?utm_source=nwlett...

Study finds out why some words may be more memorable than others

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Your brain handles a perceived threat differently depending on how close it is to you.: Closer threats inspire a more primitive kind of fear. If it's far away, you engage more problem-solving areas of the brain. But up close, your animal instincts jump into action and there isn't as much reasoning, like when the guy at the haunted house jumps up right next to you.

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-06-closer-threats-primitive-kin...

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https://phys.org/news/2020-06-d-paradise-tree-snake-aerial.html?utm...

New 3-D model shows how the paradise tree snake uses aerial undulation to fly

When the paradise tree snake flies from one tall branch to another, its body ripples with waves like green cursive on a blank pad of blue sky. That movement, aerial undulation, happens in each glide made by members of the Chrysopelea family, the only known limbless vertebrates capable of flight.

The flying reptiles:

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Monday

Moth mimicry

Comment by Dr. Krishna Kumari Challa on Monday

Four new species of giant single-celled organisms discovered on Pacific seafloor

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-species-giant-single-celled-pacific-s...

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Ancient Maya reservoirs too contained toxic pollution: study

https://phys.org/news/2020-06-ancient-maya-reservoirs-toxic-polluti...

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https://www.howitworksdaily.com/can-anything-withstand-the-immense-...

Can anything withstand the immense heat of the Sun?

The Sun is surrounded by a layer of plasma which extends millions of miles into space, in some places reaching up to 3 million degrees Celsius (5.4 million degrees Fahrenheit).

There are no known materials that can exist as solids, liquids or gases at such extreme temperatures.

Protons, neutrons and electrons can withstand this heat as they are virtually indestructible, however they can only exist as plasma.

If you could somehow get past the corona to the surface of the Sun, where it is ‘only’ 5,500 degrees Celsius (9,900 degrees Fahrenheit), some liquids could exist.

 

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